The city of Florence in Italy is noted for its culture, Renaissance art, architecture, and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture, and politics. In the 15th century, the architecture of Florence featured the use of classical elements such as orderly arrangements of columns, pilasters, lintels, semicircular arches, and hemispherical domes.
Florence was very important during the Renaissance because it was a major center of Renaissance culture and so does it has reflected in the city's architecture as well.
Studies say that stylistically, architecture in Florence has witnessed a pattern of Renaissance architecture followed by Gothic architecture and was succeeded by Baroque architecture.
Renaissance being the major type of architecture in the city, the major emphasis was on symmetry, proportion, geometry, and regularity of parts as demonstrated in classical Roman architecture.
Florence will never let you down in terms of art and architecture, as the entire city is an open museum, full of beautiful palaces and decorated churches. But there are other gems as well, top ten architecturally sound destinations in Florence, Italy is as follows.
1. Florence Cathedral - The Duomo
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, is the cathedral of Florence, Italy. It was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to a design of Arnolfo di Cambio and was structurally completed by 1436, with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi. The dome that covers the cathedral is known as Filippo Brunelleschi's dome and during its time of reign, this dome was considered the largest in the world.
The city announced an architecture design competition and Filippo Brunelleschi was declared as the winner and he came up with a revolutionary idea: building two domes, one on top of the other, using a special herringbone brick pattern and a horizontal stone chain in order to reduce stress and allow the weight to be evenly distributed.
2. Basilica of Santa Maria, Novella
Santa Maria Novella is a church in Florence, Italy, situated opposite, and lending its name to, the city's main railway station. Chronologically, it is the first great basilica in Florence and is the city's principal Dominican church. The architecture is a mix of styles namely, Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture, Renaissance architecture, and Classical architecture. Architects attempted to bring the ideals of humanist architecture, proportion, and classically inspired detailing in the design.
3. The Pitti Palace, Palazzo Pitti
Pitti Palace, is a vast, Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. In the late 18th century, the palazzo was used as a power base by Napoleon and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy. The palace and its contents were donated to the Italian people by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1919. The palazzo is now the largest museum complex in Florence.
4. Basilica of San Lorenzo
The Basilica di San Lorenzo is one of the largest churches of Florence, Italy, situated at the centre of the city’s main market district, and the burial place of all the principal members of the Medici family from Cosimo il Vecchio to Cosimo III. This The oldest known Olmec centre, dates to about 1150 BCE, a time when the rest of Mesoamerica was at best on a Neolithic level. The site is most noted for its extraordinary stone monuments, especially the “colossal heads”.
5. The Bargello
The Bargello, also known as the Palazzo del Bargello, Museo Nazionale del Bargello, or Palazzo del Popolo, is a former barracks and prison, now an art museum, in Florence, Italy. Its walls witnessed important episodes of civic history. It was the meeting place of the Council of the Hundred in which Dante took part. It witnessed sieges, fires, executions, the most famous perhaps being that of Baroncelli, involved in the Pazzi plot against the Medici, which Leonardo also witnessed. During the 14th and 15th centuries, the palace was subjected to a series of alterations and additions, still preserving its harmonious severity, best seen in the beautiful courtyard, the balcony, and the large hall on the first floor.
6. Basilica of Santa Croce
The Basilica di Santa Croce is the principal Franciscan church in Florence, Italy, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church. It is situated on the Piazza di Santa Croce, about 800 meters south-east of the Duomo. The site, when first chosen, was in marshland outside the city walls. The Basilica is the largest Franciscan church in the world. Its most notable features are its sixteen chapels, many of them decorated with frescoes by Giotto and his pupils, and its tombs and cenotaphs. Legend says that Santa Croce was founded by St Francis himself. The construction involves a mix of architectural styles namely Gothic architecture, Renaissance architecture, Gothic Revival architecture, Italian Gothic architecture.
7. Basilica of Santa Spirits
The Basilica di Santo Spirito ("Basilica of the Holy Spirit") is a church in Florence, Italy. Usually referred to simply as Santo Spirito, it is located in the Oltrarno quarter, facing the square with the same name. Santo Spirito was associated with the early humanism in Florence. It was a scene of several dramatic events during the period of the political instability of the 1370s.
8. Piazza Della Repubblica
Piazza della Repubblica is a city square in Florence, Italy. It was originally the site of the city's forum; then of its old ghetto, which was swept away during the improvement works, or Risanamento, initiated during the brief period when Florence was the capital of a reunited Italy—work that also created the city's avenues and boulevards.
9. Ponte Vecchio
The Ponte Vecchio is a medieval stone closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge over the Arno River, in Florence, Italy. It is noted for the shops built along with it, as was once common. Butchers, tanners, and farmers initially occupied the shops; the present tenants are jewelers, art dealers, and souvenir sellers.
10. Palazzo Vecchio
The Palazzo Vecchio is the town hall of Florence, Italy. It overlooks the Piazza della Signoria, which holds a copy of Michelangelo's David statue, and the gallery of statues in the adjacent Loggia dei Lanzi. It is the main symbol of the civil power for the city of Florence, whose original project is attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio.
The city Florence is marked as an important part of Italian history and it still serves as an important landmark in the country, The art and architecture of Florence are well-praised all around the world and it has witnessed some of the world's masterpiece.