Architecture in the city - Florence, Italy.
The city of Florence in Italy is noted for its culture, Renaissance art, architecture, and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture, and politics. In the 15th century, the architecture of Florence featured the use of classical elements such as orderly arrangements of columns, pilasters, lintels, semicircular arches, and hemispherical domes.
Florence was very important during the Renaissance because it was a major center of Renaissance culture and so does it has reflected in the city's architecture as well.
Studies say that stylistically, architecture in Florence has witnessed a pattern of Renaissance architecture followed by Gothic architecture and was succeeded by Baroque architecture.
Renaissance being the major type of architecture in the city, the major emphasis was on symmetry, proportion, geometry, and regularity of parts as demonstrated in classical Roman architecture.
Florence will never let you down in terms of art and architecture, as the entire city is an open museum, full of beautiful palaces and decorated churches. But there are other gems as well, top ten architecturally sound destinations in Florence, Italy is as follows.
1. Florence Cathedral - The Duomo
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, is the cathedral of Florence, Italy. It was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to a design of Arnolfo di Cambio and was structurally completed by 1436, with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi. The dome that covers the cathedral is known as Filippo Brunelleschi's dome and during its time of reign, this dome was considered the largest in the world.
The city announced an architecture design competition and Filippo Brunelleschi was declared as the winner and he came up with a revolutionary idea: building two domes, one on top of the other, using a special herringbone brick pattern and a horizontal stone chain in order to reduce stress and allow the weight to be evenly distributed.
2. Basilica of Santa Maria, Novella
Santa Maria Novella is a church in Florence, Italy, situated opposite, and lending its name to, the city's main railway station. Chronologically, it is the first great basilica in Florence and is the city's principal Dominican church. The architecture is a mix of styles namely, Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture, Renaissance architecture, and Classical architecture. Architects attempted to bring the ideals of humanist architecture, proportion, and classically inspired detailing in the design.
3. The Pitti Palace, Palazzo Pitti
Pitti Palace, is a vast, Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. In the late 18th century, the palazzo was used as a power base by Napoleon and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy. The palace and its contents were donated to the Italian people by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1919. The palazzo is now the largest museum complex in Florence.
4. Basilica of San Lorenzo
The Basilica di San Lorenzo is one of the largest churches of Florence, Italy, situated at the centre of the city’s main market district, and the burial place of all the principal members of the Medici family from Cosimo il Vecchio to Cosimo III. This The oldest known Olmec centre, dates to about 1150 BCE, a time when the rest of Mesoamerica was at best on a Neolithic level. The site is most noted for its extraordinary stone monuments, especially the “colossal heads”.
5. The Bargello