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  • Writer's picturechaithanya ganesh

Architecture in the City - London, England.


London, a place of fantasy for a wider population is the largest and the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. The London cityscape includes a wide array of architectural styles from a variety of historical periods.

There isn’t anywhere else in the world quite like London when it comes to architectural diversity. It is a city known worldwide for its varied architecture rather than a homogeneous pattern of structures. The architectural style/pattern ranges from old to new, traditional to contemporary, gothic to roman, and innumerable styles in between.

London's Architecture is a visual and illustrated guide to pre-historic times.

"London has hundreds of beautiful old buildings, some obvious, some less obvious, but all exquisite. The best contemporary architecture is when new builds reuse what’s there, and knit themselves into the city. To do that well, you have to think about the context of the building, its use, and the neighborhood. It’s not about rubbing something out and starting again". (will be in italics)

And London had done pure justice to the above statement. In this blog, we will be looking at the top ten iconic architectural structures of London and their significance.

1. Tower of London


Tower of London is the oldest intact building in the capital with almost an age of thousand years. Throughout the centuries, this building has had many incarnations yet serving as the royal household. In the early 13th century it was even found that exotic creatures like polar bears, lions, and elephants living inside the tower.

2. British Museum


It is the world's first-ever national public museum which opened the door in 1753. British museum gives the opportunity to the visitors to witness 8 million wondrous objects, which were collected during the British era. It is often quoted as a public institution dedicated to human history, art, and culture.

3. St. Paul's Cathedral


St. Paul's Cathedral - the majestic dome of Sir Christopher Wren's masterpiece, which also did dominate London's skyline for 300 years. The Baroque style cathedral of Wren was completed on Christmas day in 1711 and since then it has remained a national treasure. One of the highlights is the whispering gallery and 528-step climb to the top of the dome.

4. Houses of Parliament

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Houses of Parliament is considered as the finest example of Gothic Revitalist architecture in the world. The Palace of Westminster serves as the meeting place for both the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was built by Sir Charles Barry, but the real brains were of Augustus Pugin who was just 23 years old when he was called to help with the design of the building.

5. Tate Modern