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Civilizations of the world: Rome


Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Rome's era as a monarchy ended in 509 B.C. with the overthrow of its seventh king, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, who was quoted as cruel and tyrannical by historians.

As per the records, the Roman Empire was one of the greatest and most influential civilizations in world history. It began in the city of Rome in 753 BC and lasted for well over 1000 years.

Roman civilization is considered important in history as it led to the development of law and government, they even build the best army force back in that time.

Some of the achievements of Roman Civilization are as below:

- Modern language

- Religion

- Society

- Technology

- Law

- Politics

- Government

- Warfare

- Art

- Literature

- Architecture

- Engineering

Roman Architecture is considered unique and has influenced the places around. It has also played a crucial point in the success of Rome. Both formal architectures like temples and basilicas and utilitarian buildings like bridges and aqueducts played important roles in unifying the empire.


Major characteristics of Roman architecture are:

- Domes

- Arches

- Amphitheaters

- Temples

- Atriums

- Aqueducts

- Apartments

- Carvings on stone walls and buildings depicting the history

Cities did provide a network of administrative centers and acted as visible symbols of power throughout the Empire. Roman architecture is important today as the designs have made their way to the important public building designs and construction not just in Rome, but around the world.

The major reason behind Roman civilization being addressed as the best witnessed is because of the educational advancements it brought about in the time period which led to the overall development.

The architecture of Rome intended to serve as a political function representing the power of the state in general.

“Rome is the city of echoes, the city of illusions, and the city of yearning.”

-Giotto di Bondone, Renaissance painter

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