Construction systems used in India: Wooden Frame
In India, different varieties of materials are used as construction systems and one among them is wooden frame like structural masonry and other options.
The wood-frame structure is one of the innovative construction systems used in the hilly region of India. To prevent structural damage, it is better to use the wooden frame for construction in areas where it is less likely to receive rainfall. Hardwoods are mostly used for building walls, ceilings, and floors. Softwoods are mainly used for window frames, furniture, and more.
Maple, mahogany, cherry, walnut, teak, and oak are the popular hardwoods used in construction.
Wood has been used as a construction material for thousands of years. Despite the inherently complex structure wood has, humans have made it possible with different methodologies to make it usable for different purposes. One of the top advantages of using wood in construction is its availability and machinable as it can be re-altered into any shape and size to fit the construction need.
Advantages of using wood in construction are:
- Less wastage of material
- Promotes good thermal performance
- Offers more space for insulation
- Relatively light-weight
- Easy to cut
- Ecologically positive
- Sustainable product
- Energy efficiency
Disadvantages of using wood in construction are:
- Highly skilled workforce required
- Prone to infections
- Vulnerable to damage caused by water
- Easily catches fire
- Shrinkage can happen with exposure and time.
Wooden frames and structures quote for the classical example of an environmentally sustainable product as it is biodegradable, renewable, and carries the lowest carbon footprint of any comparable building material.