He was a German-American architect and commonly referred to as Mies. Along with Alvar Aalto, Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is regarded as one of the pioneers of modernist architecture.
Van der Rohe succeeded in creating his own architectural style in the 20th century. Clarity and simplicity were two factors that always projected out in his designs and work.
Van der Rohe was also one among the very few architects who went further regarding structural honesty and making the actual supports of his building
The great and world-known concept "Less is more" was proposed by this very own German-American architect. the respective phrase points out the idea of "simple is sometimes better or more effective than elaborate." This has also studied as a theory and applied worldwide by architects.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe has also authored books including Mies in America, Mies in Berlin, and more.
Van der Rohe inspired and amused an entire generation of architects through his work and let's have a look at a few of his brilliant crafts.
Some of his famous works are mentioned below:
- Farnsworth House
Farnsworth House was designed and constructed by Ludwig Mies van der rohe between the years 1945 - 1951. This one-room retreat center has gained much popularity across the globe. The structure's modern classicism epitomizes the International Style of architecture and Mies's dictum “less is more.” This rural setting of the retreat center is located 55 miles from southwest of Chicago's downtown on a 60-acre estate site.
- The Barcelona Pavillion
Barcelona Pavillion designed by Van der Rohe was used for the official opening of the German section of the exhibition. The construction and design are known for their simple form and the extravagant usage of building materials like marble, red onyx, and travertine. The structure also intended at showcasing the progressive and democratic features of modern Germany.
- Chicago Federal Complex
This was designed and constructed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe between 1898 and 1905 for the purpose of housing the midwest's federal courts, main post office, and other government bureaus. The structure gained popularity because of Van der Rohe's meticulous design illustration.
- Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library
This memorial library is the central facility of the District of Columbia Public Library. This design of 400,000 square feet is a rare example of modern architecture in Washington, D.C. The building materials used in the construction are steel, brick, and glass mainly. Memorial Library in the name of Martin Luther King Jr is considered as one of the masterpiece works of Van der Rohe.
- S.R. Crown Hall
S. R. Crown Hall, designed by the German-American Modernist architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, is the home of the College of Architecture at Illinois, Chicago. It is considered architecturally significant because Mies van der Rohe refined the basic steel and glass construction style, beautifully capturing simplicity and openness for endless new uses.
"Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space".
- Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe