An architectural model is a type of scale model – a physical representation of a structure – built to study aspects of an architectural design or to communicate design ideas. Depending on the purpose, models can be made from a variety of materials, including blocks, paper, and wood, and at a variety of scales. Models help us make design issues visible in the most concrete manner.
Virtual 3D Modeling has for decades been increasing in its popularity, yet hand-made models are far from extinct. Perhaps a reason for this is that despite the "3D" in "3D modeling," viewing those models on a screen or print is still, effectively, two-dimensional. A physical model of course can be held in your hand, examined, and understood spatially in a way that a CAD model can’t. It can also be used as a quick and intuitive 3D sketch to get some ideas going. Whether it's for a client or a professor, models are almost always necessary in order to produce a complete understanding of the relationship between spaces in your design.
Mentioned below are pointers explaining the need for models:
1. Models Highlight Features That Sketches Cannot.
2. Models Are an Essential Part of the Creative Process
3. Models Are Often Needed for Legal Approval Process
4. Models Are a Demo for Potential Clients
5. Models Are Necessary for Mixed-Use Building Projects
(Saource: Build Magazine)
A well-crafted model however takes time, patience, dedication, a clear understanding of model-making materials, and of course a sharp and high-quality set of modelling tools. They are generally made from paper, card, wood, foam, and or plastics, and can be built by hand or by using technology such as laser cutter or 3D printer.
Here are few tips to consider while making your model:
1. Use proper measurements.
2. Use the right cutting tools.
3. Research the suitable materials and find one within the budget.
4. Use a laser cutter if necessary.
5. Use the right glue.
6. Consider lighting.
7. Make sure about the availability of space.
8. Use sketch models
9. Make a time plan
10. Anchor the model
11. Include landscape
12. Create the less-seen.
Model making is fun, yet engaging and tiring. But the right ideas and hard work pay off.
"A great building must begin with the immeasurable, must go through measurable means when it is being designed, and in the end must be unmeasured".
- Louis Kahn