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Spatial Organizations in Architecture!


Spatial organization refers to the placement of sites or objects relative to one another. Four basic components of the spatial organization are

- points

- lines

- areas, and

- volume.

Spatial organization in architecture is fundamental in creating a composition as it brings together different shapes and forms and provides a cohesive structure to the design.

The spatial relationship helps define the interaction between form and space and the most common, yet prominent spatial relationships used in architecture are :

- Interlocking spaces


The interlocking spatial relationship is the ultimate result of the overlapping of two volumes and the output of shared space. The interlocked area of two volumes can be shared by each space equally, and by converging with any of the spaces, it can turn out into an inherent part of the total volume.

- Space within space


A large space can have a smaller space within its volume and of the two larger space helps in defining the boundaries for the smaller space inside it. For this spatial relationship to be understood, a clear distinction of size between two spaces is needed.

- Adjacent space


Adjacency allows each space to be clearly defined and to respond to specific functional or symbolic requirements. And the amount of continuity that takes place between two spaces depends on the characteristics of the plane that separates and brings them together at the same time.

- Spaces linked by common space.


An intermediate space links two spaces to each other and the spatial relationship of the two places is dependent on the quality of the third space.

Apart from this, there are various other organizational approaches as well and they are:

- Centralized Organization


A centralized organization is a stable, concentrated composition that consists of a number of secondary spaces grouped around a large, dominant, central space.

- Linear Organization


A linear organization usually consists of repetitive spaces which are similar in size, form, and function. It also consists of a single linear space that organizes along its length a series of spaces that differ in size, form, or function. And in both cases, each space along the sequence has an exterior exposure.

- Radial Organizations


Radial organizations are effectively a combination of linear and centralized organizations. They have a central focal point from which linear forms radiate from. Expansion in the radial organization is towards the exterior surroundings.

- Clustered Organization


Spaces that are grouped, collected, or gathered closely together and related by proximity to each other. Clustered spaces can be organized about a point of entry into a building or along the path of movement through it. The spaces can also be clustered about a large defined field or volume of space.

- Grid Organization


It is comprised of a 3-dimensional composition of linear points. The strong stable composition is obtained due to the continuity and regularity created by the grid. The regular layout of columns and beams constitutes the grid pattern.

"Space has always been the spiritual dimension of architecture. It is not the physical statement of the structure so much as it contains what that moves us"

- Arthur Erickson

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