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Spatial Organizations in Architecture!


Spatial organization refers to the placement of sites or objects relative to one another. Four basic components of the spatial organization are

- points

- lines

- areas, and

- volume.

Spatial organization in architecture is fundamental in creating a composition as it brings together different shapes and forms and provides a cohesive structure to the design.

The spatial relationship helps define the interaction between form and space and the most common, yet prominent spatial relationships used in architecture are :

- Interlocking spaces


The interlocking spatial relationship is the ultimate result of the overlapping of two volumes and the output of shared space. The interlocked area of two volumes can be shared by each space equally, and by converging with any of the spaces, it can turn out into an inherent part of the total volume.

- Space within space


A large space can have a smaller space within its volume and of the two larger space helps in defining the boundaries for the smaller space inside it. For this spatial relationship to be understood, a clear distinction of size between two spaces is needed.

- Adjacent space


Adjacency allows each space to be clearly defined and to respond to specific functional or symbolic requirements. And the amount of continuity that takes place between two spaces depends on the characteristics of the plane that separates and brings them together at the same time.

- Spaces linked by common space.


An intermediate space links two spaces to each other and the spatial relationship of the two places is dependent on the quality of the third space.

Apart from this, there are various other organizational approaches as well and they are:

- Centralized Organization


A centralized organization is a stable, concentrated composition that consists of a number of secondary spaces grouped around a large, dominant, central space.

- Linear Organization