Sustainable architecture is more of a generalized term referring to buildings designed to limit the impact of human action. It is also quoted as green architecture or environmental architecture as the primary goal is to produce smart designs ensuring minimal harmful effects to the ecosystem.
Technology has laid its hands with a shaking impact on our daily life. Since the world is facing too many challenges, sustainability has been a key factor in the development of technological advancements too.
Sustainable architecture has resulted in positive environmental benefits through the usage of natural, renewable resources and with the practice of healthier construction technologies. Moreover, it has turned out to be an important aspect in this 21st century.
Architecture puts forth a contradictory challenge in environmental sustainability and it shouldn't be really surprising to you all, because construction projects consume a larger amount of materials and consecutively produces waste materials massively. Sustainable architecture is all about sustainable design and construction, which is ideally defined as “the creation and responsible management of a healthy built environment based on resource efficient and ecological principles”. Though India is still at the age of development, we could proudly take note that, we have advanced in the latter field to an extend.
While working on a project with sustainability in mind, there are a number of things an architect looks for and some strategies that need to be followed irrespective of the constraints. The most important sustainable architectural strategies followed by a major population of architects are:
- Active sustainable design
- Passive sustainable design
- Green building materials
- Native landscaping
- Renewable energy systems
- Stormwater management
(Source of info: hmarchitects.com)
Sustainable design and construction are a lot more than the inclusion of green spaces and minimized usage of non-renewable energy consumption. Addition of sustainable programs and environment-healthy materials and keeping a literal space left for breathing and to feel earth counts to a vital pillar in the sector of sustainable architecture.
"It's a simple approach, sustainable architecture looks to the future by looking at the past".
- Stephen Gist