The Architectural Movements: Art Nouveau
A new architectural movement swept through the turn of the 20th century in Europe creating some of the most glorious monuments in the world. From 1890 to 1914 (start of WW1) Art Nouveau architecture dominated the continent creating the maximum out of the available technology and resources.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture, and applied art, especially the decorative arts, known in different languages by different names Jugendstil in German, Stile Liberty in Italian, Modernisme català in Catalan, etc. In English, it is also known as the Modern Style.
The Art Nouveau style of architecture can still be found in some of today's most luxurious homes. The home designs decorated in Art Nouveau style are characterized by the use of various prints and ornamental shapes. These are used in decorating the walls or tapestry, in textiles, art artifacts, wall watches, etc.
Characteristics of Art Nouveau Architecture are :
- Asymmetrical shapes
- Extensive use of arches and curved forms
- Curved glass
- Curving, plant-like embellishments
- Stained glass
- Japanese motifs
Art Nouveau was also an artistic movement that gained most of the popularity between 1890 and 1905 and it was highly practiced and influenced in the field of art, architecture applied art, and so on.
Alphonse Mucha is celebrated worldwide as the father of Art Nouveau.
Art Nouveau's aesthetic is touched by the influence of nature and its stylized form depicts the bold elaborate architecture.
Apart from curving lines and shapes inspired by natural forms, glass and wrought iron were also used to bring the sculptural forms to Art Nouveau architecture. It is also a complete style that included interiors and furnishings.
Some remarkable examples of Art Nouveau architecture are as follows:
1. Casa Batlló, Barcelona.
2. The Old England Building, Brussels.
3. Majolikahaus, Vienna.
4. Glasgow School of Art, Scotland.
5. The Secession Building, Vienna.
6. Agoudas Hakehilos Synagogue, Paris.
7. Albert Street, Riga
Victor Horta was one of the topmost influential architects in the Art Nouveau architecture period and his work Hotel Tassel is regarded as the prominent style mark for Art Nouveau architecture.